Photograph by Historic Northampton.
The 1853 Map of Northampton hows downtown Northampton a few years after the NAEI. The Hampshire & Hampden Canal in the 1831 map has been replaced by a railroad along Market Street. Smith College would not appear until 1871. The map is oriented with North on the left.
1873 Map of Northampton, Florence, and North Leeds, the NAEI mill has grown into the Nonotuck Silk Mill complex.
Northampton Association Records
Hampshire Gazette Newspaper Articles
David Ruggles writes to Garrison about inalienable rights.
Writer responds to critique of the Northampton Association on rights for women,
and governance by committee rather than a single leader.
Observations on the Association from William Lloyd Garrison.
An anonymous observer corrects local perceptions about the Northampton Association.